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QAM BER for AWGN channel

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In this experiment the bit error rate (BER) vs E b / N 0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadw eadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaGccaGGVaGaamOtamaaBaaaleaacaaI Waaabeaaaaa@3B6D@  of M-QAM over an AWGN channel is analyzed.

QPSK
Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) transmission

Start

The simulation starts with 4-QAM and E b N 0 =0dB MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaamaala aabaGaamyramaaBaaaleaacaWGIbaabeaaaOqaaiaad6eadaWgaaWc baGaaGimaaqabaaaaOGaeyypa0JaaGimaiaadsgacaWGcbaaaa@3E44@ - see marked cell in table below.

BER
Measured BER approximates the analytical bit error probability p b MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadc hadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaaaaa@3922@

E b N 0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaamaala aabaGaamyramaaBaaaleaacaWGIbaabeaaaOqaaiaad6eadaWgaaWc baGaaGimaaqabaaaaaaa@3AC9@

[dB]

4 QAM

p b MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadc hadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaaaaa@3922@

16QAM

p b MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadc hadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaaaaa@3922@

64QAM

p b MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadc hadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaaaaa@3922@

256QAM

p b MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadc hadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaaaaa@3922@

 
-2 1,306E-01 1,790E-01 1,957E-01 1,893E-01
0 7,865E-02 1,392E-01 1,730E-01 1,779E-01
2 3,751E-02 9,756E-02 1,461E-01 1,639E-01
4 1,250E-02 5,862E-02 1,158E-01 1,469E-01
6 2,388E-03 2,787E-02 8,347E-02 1,267E-01
8 1,909E-04 9,247E-03 5,232E-02 1,033E-01
10 3,872E-06 1,754E-03 2,653E-02 7,781E-02
Analytical bit error probability p b MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadc hadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaaaaa@3922@  for M-QAM

Experiment

Adjust E b / N 0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBamXvP5wqonvsaeHbd9wDYLwzYbqe e0evGueE0jxyaibaieYlf9irVeeu0dXdh9vqqj=hEeeu0xXdbba9fr Fj0=OqFfea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYx e9vr0=vr0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOqaaiaadw eadaWgaaWcbaGaamOyaaqabaGccaGGVaGaamOtamaaBaaaleaacaaI Waaabeaaaaa@3B6D@ and M. Measure the corresponding BER and compare it to the analytical bit error probability.

Settings
Simulation - Settings (F11)

Setup
Simulation - Setup (F12): Set M, the size of the modulation constellation.

Note

Next steps